It seems there might be a slight confusion in your terminology. If you are referring to disorders characterized by hyperactivity, one common example is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often begins in childhood and can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Here are key points about hyperactivity and ADHD:

1. ADHD Subtypes:

  • Predominantly Inattentive Presentation: Individuals with difficulty sustaining attention, organizing tasks, and completing activities.
  • Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: Individuals who are hyperactive and impulsive without significant inattention.
  • Combined Presentation: Individuals who exhibit both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.

2. Symptoms of Hyperactivity-Impulsivity in ADHD:

  • Hyperactivity: Excessive fidgeting, restlessness, difficulty staying seated, running or climbing in inappropriate situations.
  • Impulsivity: Acting without thinking, interrupting others, difficulty waiting one’s turn, making hasty decisions.

3. Diagnosis:

  • ADHD is diagnosed based on specific criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
  • The assessment process involves gathering information from multiple sources, including parents, teachers, and observations.

4. Onset and Duration:

  • Symptoms typically appear before the age of 12 and can persist into adolescence and adulthood.
  • The severity of symptoms can vary, and some individuals may learn to manage and cope with their challenges over time.

5. Causes:

  • The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but a combination of genetic, neurological, and environmental factors likely contribute.
  • Factors such as prenatal exposure to substances, premature birth, and early exposure to lead may also play a role.

6. Treatment:

  • Behavioral Therapy: Teaches coping strategies, organizational skills, and self-regulation techniques.
  • Medication: Stimulant medications (e.g., methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non-stimulant medications (e.g., atomoxetine) may be prescribed, depending on individual needs.

7. Challenges and Strengths:

  • Individuals with ADHD may face challenges in areas such as academic performance, work, and relationships.
  • Some individuals with ADHD also possess strengths, such as creativity, energy, and a capacity for hyperfocus on areas of interest.

8. Lifelong Condition:

  • While symptoms may change over time, ADHD is considered a chronic condition.
  • With appropriate support and interventions, individuals with ADHD can lead successful and fulfilling lives.

9. Co-Existing Conditions:

  • ADHD often coexists with other conditions such as learning disabilities, anxiety disorders, and mood disorders.